Curriculum Scope & Sequence

Where your Sonlight studies will take you

Every History/Bible/Language Arts/Reading package (what we call a "Core") fits a span of ages to let you teach multiple children together.

From preschool to high school, your Sonlight journey includes three sweeps through history and a solid foundation in all other subjects. Take a look at the road ahead!

Skip to Core Programs | Language Arts | Science | Math

Core Programs

  Core Title Age Grade History & Geography Focus Spiritual Focus Daily Time Commitment
Intro to the World P3/4 Fiction, Fairy Tales, and Fun 3-4 Preschool Informal preschool program with books and games to naturally encourage development and character.
P4/5 Explore God's World 4-6 Pre-K, K Discover fascinating differences (and similarities) between people around the world. Bible stories Student & Parent: 20 mins to 1.5 hrs.
A Intro to the World: Cultures 5-7 K, 1, 2 Geography and Cultures around the world and across time from creation through modern times. Overview of the Bible Student: 1.5-2 hrs.
Parent: 1-1.5 hrs.
1st Sweep through History B Intro to World History
Year 1 of 2
6-8 1, 2, 3 A history of early peoples and civilizations through the fall of Rome. Geography assignments focus on the Middle East and Asia. Basic biblical doctrine Student: 2-3 hrs.
Parent: 1.5-2 hrs.
B+C Intro to World History
One Year Condensed
7-9 2, 3, 4 A condensed one-year historical and geographical survey of early peoples and civilizations through the 20th Century. Amazing Bible facts Student: 2-3 hrs.
Parent: 1.5-2 hrs.
C Intro to World History
Year 2 of 2
7-9 2, 3, 4 Continues from the fall of Rome and takes you through the 20th Century. Geography assignments span the globe. Amazing Bible facts Student: 2-3 hrs.
Parent: 1.5-2 hrs.
D Intro to American History
Year 1 of 2
8-11 3, 4, 5 American history from before the Spanish conquistadors through the mid-19th Century. Geography assignments cover the early exploration of the Americas. Reading the Bible for oneself (instead of just listening) Student: 3.5-4.5 hrs.
Parent: 2-3 hrs.
D+E Intro to American History
One Year Condensed
9-12 4, 5, 6, 7 A condensed one-year historical survey of America from its discovery through the 20th Century. The geography assignments focus on the Americas. Intro to personal Bible study Student: 3.5-5 hrs.
Parent: 2-3 hrs.
E Intro to American History
Year 2 of 2
9-12 4, 5, 6, 7 American history from the mid-19th through 20th Centuries. Geography assignments cover the Americas. Intro to personal Bible study Student: 3.5-5 hrs.
Parent: 2-3 hrs.
Transitional year: learning to research F Eastern Hemisphere 10-13 5, 6, 7, 8 A fascinating cultural study of the Eastern Hemisphere, including Asia, Oceania, the Middle East and Africa. Basic apologetics Student: 4-6 hrs.
Parent: 2-3.5 hrs.
2nd Sweep through History G World History
Year 1 of 2
11-14 6, 7, 8 A study of World History from ancient Egypt through the Reformation. Geography assignments cover the entire world. Overview of each book of the Bible Student: 4-6 hrs.
Parent: 2-3.5 hrs.
H World History
Year 2 of 2
12-15 7, 8, 9 World History continues from the 17th Century through the fall of the USSR. Geography assignments span the globe. How to study the Bible in-depth; Christianity compared to other religions Student: 4-6 hrs.
Parent: 2-3.5 hrs.
W One Year World History 12-13 7, 8 A one-year survey of World History. Geography assignments cover the entire world. Overview of each book of the Bible Student: 4-6 hrs.
Parent: 2-3.5 hrs.
100 American History 12-15 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 An in-depth study of the history of the United States from pre-Columbian America through the early 21st Century. Geography assignments focus on the United States. How to study, interpret and apply the Scriptures to life; apologetics Student: 5-7 hrs.
Parent: 2-3.5 hrs.
3rd Sweep through History 200 History of the Christian Church 14-18 9, 10, 11, 12 An in-depth study of the spread of the Gospel worldwide from the time of Christ to the present. Geography assignments span the entire world. Church history and doctrine Student: 5-7 hrs.
Parent: 1-2.5 hrs.
300 20th Century World History 15-18 10, 11, 12 A history of major events throughout the world during the 20th Century. The literature program focuses on works that helped establish the Western culture's view of reality. Geography assignments span the entire world. Apologetics Student: 6-8 hrs.
Parent: 1-2.5 hrs.
400 American Government 16-18 11, 12 A thorough study of the U.S. government with emphasis on the Constitution and its historical interpretation, plus a close look at the three branches of government. Geography assignments focus on the United States. Interaction of faith and politics Student: 6-8 hrs.
Parent: 2-3 hrs.
  Economics 16-18 11, 12 Modern economics, from basic theory to politics and trade.   Student: 6-8 hrs.
Parent: 2-3 hrs.
500 World History and Worldview Studies 16-18 11, 12 A college-prep study of World History through the lens of the ideas and philosophies that shaped history. The Bible portion helps students discern and solidify their Christian worldview. Developing a Christian worldview Student: 6-8 hrs.
Parent: 2-3 hrs.

 

Sonlight Language Arts

Program Use with Focus Subjects Covered
Language Arts P4/5 Core P4/5 A gentle introduction to the alphabet, rhymes and the "first thousand words." Included in the Core. Phonics and vocabulary.
Mix and Match Grade K through 4-5 Readers and Language Arts for Cores A-C.
Grade K Readers w/ Language Arts K Grade K Readers Teach your children the alphabet and letter sounds. Serve as their scribe as they begin to practice creative writing. Imitate good writing during weekly copywork exercises. Phonics, spelling, vocabulary, creative expression, copywork and writing mechanics.
Grade 1 Readers w/ Language Arts 1 Grade 1 Readers Read more advanced short words. Serve as your children's scribe as they write their first short stories. Imitate good writing during weekly copywork exercises. Phonics, spelling, vocabulary, copywork, creative expression and writing mechanics.
Grade 2 Readers w/ Language Arts 2 Grade 2 Readers Help your children learn to form and organize their thoughts. You might still serve as their scribe as they construct basic sentences and simple paragraphs. Imitate good writing during weekly copywork exercises. Spelling, writing mechanics, copywork and creative expression.
Grade 3 Readers w/ Language Arts 3 Grade 3 Readers Use the unique "Diamond Notes" to guide your children step-by-step through the process of writing winning paragraphs. Imitate good writing during weekly copywork exercises. Spelling, writing mechanics, paragraph construction, copywork and creative expression.
Grade 4-5 Readers w/ Language Arts 4-5 Grade 4-5 Readers Write sentences and short paragraphs relatively independently. Imitate good writing during weekly copywork exercises. Spelling, writing mechanics, copywork, paragraph construction and creative expression.
Language Arts is built into Cores D-400. You cannot purchase it separately.
Language Arts Core D Explore various writing styles while learning about mechanics such as similes, metaphors and hyperbole. Imitate good writing during weekly dictation excercises. Spelling, vocabulary, dictation, writing mechanics and creative expression.
Language Arts D+E Core D+E Explore various writing styles and practice advanced writing techniques such as varying sentence length, using active voice, and creating authentic dialog. Recognize and imitate good writing during weekly dictation exercises. Spelling, grammar, dictation, vocabulary, writing mechanics and creative expression.
Language Arts E Core E Explore various writing styles and take on advanced writing mechanics and techniques. Recognize and imitate good writing during weekly dictation exercises. Spelling, grammar, dictation, writing mechanics, research writing and creative expression.
Language Arts F Core F Let creativity blossom through more challenging writing assignments in a variety of writing styles. Imitate good writing during weekly dictation exercises. Spelling, grammar, dictation, vocabulary, writing mechanics, research writing, creative expression and literary analysis.
Language Arts G Core G Tackle advanced writing assignments and explore basic literary analysis. Imitate good writing with weekly dictation. Spelling, vocabulary, dictation, advanced writing mechanics, creative expression, literary analysis and editing..
Language Arts H Core H Increase mastery of the written word through excercises fully integrated with Core H History & Literature studies. Creative writing, essay composition, research and literary analysis.
Language Arts W Core W Tackle advanced writing assignments and explore basic literary analysis. Imitate good writing with weekly dictation. (Same basic material as Language Arts G.) Spelling, vocabulary, advanced writing mechanics, creative expression, literary analysis and editing.
Language Arts 140 Core 100 Develop critical thinking, literary analysis and creative expression skills with exercises fully integrated with Core 100 History & Literature studies. Critical thinking, essay composition, literary analysis and creative writing.
Language Arts 240 Core 200 Unleash writing potential with exercises fully integrated with Core 200 History & Literature studies. Essay composition, literary analysis, research papers and creative writing.
Language Arts 340 Core 300 Solidify great writing skills through exercises fully integrated with Core 300 History and Literature studies. Spur students to write with passion and purpose. Creative writing, literary analysis, research writing and essay composition.
Language Arts 440 Core 400 Prepare students for college-level writing through assignments that coordinate with the Core 400 History and Literature studies. Creative writing, literary analysis, essay composition and research papers.
Language Arts 540 British Literature 530 Tackle college-level assignments; fully integrated with Literature. Creative writing, literary analysis and vocabulary with Latin and Greek roots.
British Literature 530 Language Arts 540 Prepare for the AP* English Literature exam with a yearlong survey of British Literature. Key works of British Literature.

 

Sonlight Science

  Name Age Focus
A Biology, Botany, and Physics 5-7 Animals, plants and the way things move. Experiments and hands-on activities.
B Animals, Astronomy, and Physics 5-8 Animals, outer space and the way things move. Experiments and hands-on activities.
C Geology, Meteorology, and Mechanical Technology 6-9 Weather, geology and basic machines. Experiments and hands-on activities.
D Biology, Taxonomy, and Human Anatomy 7-10 The human body, categorizing plants and animals. Experiments and hands-on activities.
E Electricity, Magnetism, and Astronomy 8-11 Electricity, magnetism and outer space. Experiments and hands-on activities.
F Health, Medicine, and Human Anatomy 9-12 The human body: anatomy, health and medicine. Experiments and hands-on activities.
G Geology, Physics, and Origins 10-13 Earth science: geology, physics and the science of origins. Experiments and hands-on activities.
H General Science 11-13 A course from Apologia Educational Ministries: learn to think scientifically. Includes experiments and a unique Sonlight schedule.
150 Physical Science 12-14 A course from Apologia Educational Ministries: earth science and basic physics. Includes experiments and a unique Sonlight schedule.
250 Biology 14-18 A high-school level lab science course from Apologia Educational Ministries. Includes experiments and a unique Sonlight schedule.
350 Chemistry 15-18 A high-school level lab science course from Apologia Educational Ministries. Includes experiments and a unique Sonlight schedule.
450 Physics 16-18 A high-school level course from Apologia Educational Ministries. Includes experiments and a unique Sonlight schedule.
550 Advanced Science 17-18 Choose from three advanced lab courses from Apologia Educational Ministries preparing students for the AP* Biology, Chemistry or Physics test. Each course includes experiments and a unique Sonlight schedule.

*Advanced Placement, Advanced Placement Program and AP are registered trademarks of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

 

Math

Teaching Textbooks Topics
Math 3 Addition & subtraction, Lines & line segments, fractions, multiplication, division, paper money & coinage, liquid measurement, and much more
Math 4 Addition & subtraction, word problems, linear measurement, telling time, multiplication of large numbers, long division, geometry, paper money & coinage, temperature, metric system, Roman numerals
Math 5 Number patterns, addition & subtraction of large numbers, multiplication with carrying, geometry, fractions, decimals, regrouping, long division, percents, metric units
Math 6 Long addition & subtraction, multiplication and division, improper fractions, factors, multiplying & dividing fractions, decimals, percents, geometry, graphing
Math 7 Adding & subtracting whole numbers, Multiplying & dividing whole numbers, adding & subtracting and multiplying & dividing fractions, decimals, percents, geometric measurement, statistics & probability, graphing
Pre-Algebra Rational numbers, decimals, percents, measuring length, area and volume, simple algebraic equations, integers, powers, polynomials and radicals, geometry, statistics
Algebra 1 Algebra basics, integers, order of operations, equation solving, rational expressions, powers and exponents, quadratic equations, polynomials and radicals, graphing functions and slope, inequalities and radicals
Algebra 2 Solving first-degree equations, fractional equations, powers and exponents, roots and irrational numbers, imaginary and complex numbers, solving higher-degree equations, systems of equations, inequalities, statistics and probability
Geometry Lines and angles, angle pairs & perpendicular lines, triangles, inequalities, quadrilaterals and polygons, trigonometry, circles, solid geometry, coordinate geometry
Pre-Calculus Function basics, polynomial functions, rational functions, trigonometric functions and identities, vectors and polar coordinates, analytic geometry, probability and statistics, introduction to calculus


Horizons Topics
Math K Counting by 1s/5s/10s/2s/4s to 100, value of all single-digit numbers, place value for 1's and 10's, ordinal numbers, simple addition & subtraction, simple fractions, days of week, months of year, seasons, color recognition, shape recognition, pictographs
Math 1 Counting by 1s/2s/5s/10s/3s/6s/9s/4s/8s/7s to 100, ordinal numbers, place value, addition & subtraction facts 1-18, months of year, days of week, time, money, measurement, fractions, shapes, bar graphs, rounding
Math 2 Counting by 1s/2s/5s/10s/3s/6s/9s/4s/8s/7s to 100, ordinal numbers, place value, carrying and borrowing, months of year, days of week and abbreviations, money, measurement, temperature, fractions, shapes, area, perimeter and volume, graphs, multiplication facts 0-10
Math 3 Word numbers to 1,000,000, expanded and standard form, Roman numerals, ordinal numbers, place value, addition with carrying to 4 digits, borrowing, estimation, English linear, liquid, weight, Metric equivalents, decimals, fractions, shapes - congruent and similar, perimeter and area, volume of cubes and rectangular prisms, bar, line and circle graphs, multiplication facts 1-10, division facts 1-10
Math 4 Roman numerals, prime and composite, prime factorization, addition properties and terms, subtraction properties and terms, standard and metric linear, liquid and weight equivalents, fractions to decimals, ratios, reducing fractions, adding and subtracting fractions, shapes and solids, lines, angles, circles, coordinate graphs, multiplication properties and terms, division properties and terms
Math 5 Number theory through hundred billion, expanded form, place value to hundred billions, rounding, addition properties, terms and facts, subtraction properties, terms and facts, time and elapsed time, counting change, standard and metric linear, liquid, and weight equivalent, percentages, simple ratios, least common multiples, adding and subtraction fractions with unlike denominators, shapes, solids and diagonals, mean, mode, and median, problem solving, probability with one variable, calculator math, multiplication terms, facts and properties, division terms, facts, and properties
Math 6 Word numbers through hundred trillion, scientific notation, base 2 numbers, square roots, opposite integers, adding and subtracting integers, multiplying and dividing integers, adding and subtracting money, adding and subtracting equations, standard and metric linear, liquid, and weight equivalent, simple ratios, ratio as a percent, divide whole number by a fraction, construct perpendicular bisector, bisect an angle, equations for word problems, mean, mode, and median, graphing in all four quadrants, writing checks, budgeting, banking, savings, charts and tables, multiplication missing factors, exponents, division estimating quotients, averaging with remainders


Singapore Topics
Math 1A Counting 0-20, number stories, addition and subtraction stories, ordinal numbers, common shapes, comparing and measuring length and weight
Math 1B Comparing numbers, picture graphs, counting to 100, addition and subtraction to 100, multiplication within 40, division, halves and quarters, telling time, money
Math 2A Counting to 1000, hundreds, tens and ones, addition and subtraction with and without renaming, measurement in metric and English, multiplication tables of 2 and 3, dividing by 2 and 3
Math 2B Addition and subtraction - finding the missing number, methods for mental addition and subtraction, multiplying and dividing by 4, 5 and 10, US currency, halves and quarters, writing fractions, time, picture graphs, US and metric capacity, flat and curved faces, area
Math 3A Word numbers to 1,000,000, expanded and standard form, Roman numerals, ordinal numbers, place value, addition with carrying to 4 digits, borrowing, estimation, English linear, liquid, weight, Metric equivalents, decimals, fractions, shapes - congruent and similar, perimeter and area, volume of cubes and rectangular prisms, bar, line and circle graphs, multiplication facts 1-10, division facts 1-10
Math 3B Mental calculation for addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, US and metric linear, capacity, and weight measurements, bar graphs, equivalent fractions, time, angles, area, perimeter
Math 4A Numbers to 100,000, factors, multiplication and division of whole numbers, adding and subtracting fractions, tables and graphs, measuring angles, perpendicular and parallel lines, area and perimeter
Math 4B Decimals, operations of decimals, multiplication and division, symmetric figures, solid figures, cubic units, volume of a cuboid
Math 5A Place value, millions, approximation and estimation, multiplying by 10s, 100s or 1000s, dividing by 10s, 100s, or 1000s, word problems, fraction and division, addition and subtraction of unlike fractions, area of a triangle, ratio, finding unknown angles
Math 5B Approximation and estimation of decimals, percent, writing fractions as percentage. Average, rate, line graphs, triangles, 4-sided figures, tessellations, cubes and cuboids, volume of a solid
Math 6A Algebraic expressions, solid figures, ratio and fraction, ratio and proportion, part of a whole as percentage, solving percentage problems, speed and average speed
Math 6B Division of fractions, word problems, circles, circumference, area, pie charts, solving volume problems, triangles and 4-sided figures, finding unknown angles, challenging word problems with fractions, ratio, percentage and speed