Curriculum Scope & Sequence

Where your Sonlight studies will take you

Every History/Bible/Language Arts/Reading package (what we call a "Core") fits a span of ages to let you teach multiple children together.

From preschool to high school, your Sonlight journey includes three sweeps through history and a solid foundation in all other subjects. Take a look at the road ahead!

Skip to Core Programs | Language Arts | Science | Math

Core Programs

 CoreTitleAgeGradeHistory & Geography FocusSpiritual FocusDaily Time Commitment
Intro to the WorldP3/4Fiction, Fairy Tales, and Fun3, 4PreschoolInformal preschool program with books and games to naturally encourage development and character.
P4/5Explore God's World4, 5, 6Pre-K, KDiscover fascinating differences (and similarities) between people around the world.Bible storiesStudent & Parent: 20 mins to 1.5 hrs.
AIntro to the World: Cultures5, 6, 7K, 1, 2Geography and Cultures around the world and across time from creation through modern times.Overview of the BibleStudent: 1.5-2 hrs.
Parent: 1-1.5 hrs.
1st Sweep through HistoryBIntro to World History
Year 1 of 2
6, 7, 81, 2, 3A history of early peoples and civilizations through the fall of Rome. Geography assignments focus on the Middle East and Asia.Basic biblical doctrineStudent: 2-3 hrs.
Parent: 1.5-2 hrs.
B+CIntro to World History
One Year Condensed
7, 8, 92, 3, 4A condensed one-year historical and geographical survey of early peoples and civilizations through the 20th Century.Amazing Bible factsStudent: 2-3 hrs.
Parent: 1.5-2 hrs.
CIntro to World History
Year 2 of 2
7, 8, 92, 3, 4Continues from the fall of Rome and takes you through the 20th Century. Geography assignments span the globe.Amazing Bible factsStudent: 2-3 hrs.
Parent: 1.5-2 hrs.
DIntro to American History
Year 1 of 2
8, 9, 10, 113, 4, 5American history from before the Spanish conquistadors through the mid-19th Century. Geography assignments cover the early exploration of the Americas.Reading the Bible for oneself (instead of just listening)Student: 3.5-4.5 hrs.
Parent: 2-3 hrs.
D+EIntro to American History
One Year Condensed
9, 10, 11, 124, 5, 6, 7A condensed one-year historical survey of America from its discovery through the 20th Century. The geography assignments focus on the Americas.Intro to personal Bible studyStudent: 3.5-5 hrs.
Parent: 2-3 hrs.
EIntro to American History
Year 2 of 2
9, 10, 11, 124, 5, 6, 7American history from the mid-19th through 20th Centuries. Geography assignments cover the Americas.Intro to personal Bible studyStudent: 3.5-5 hrs.
Parent: 2-3 hrs.
Transitional year: learning to researchFEastern Hemisphere10, 11, 12, 135, 6, 7, 8A fascinating cultural study of the Eastern Hemisphere, including Asia, Oceania, the Middle East and Africa.Basic apologeticsStudent: 4-6 hrs.
Parent: 2-3.5 hrs.
2nd Sweep through HistoryGWorld History
Year 1 of 2
11, 12, 13, 146, 7, 8A study of World History from ancient Egypt through the Reformation. Geography assignments cover the entire world.Overview of each book of the BibleStudent: 4-6 hrs.
Parent: 2-3.5 hrs.
HWorld History
Year 2 of 2
12, 13, 147, 8, 9World History continues from the 17th Century through the fall of the USSR. Geography assignments span the globe.How to study the Bible in-depth; Christianity compared to other religionsStudent: 4-6 hrs.
Parent: 2-3.5 hrs.
WOne Year World History12, 137, 8A one-year survey of World History. Geography assignments cover the entire world.Overview of each book of the BibleStudent: 4-6 hrs.
Parent: 2-3.5 hrs.
100American History12, 13, 14, 15, 167, 8, 9, 10, 11An in-depth study of the history of the United States from pre-Columbian America through the early 21st Century. Geography assignments focus on the United States.How to study, interpret and apply the Scriptures to life; apologeticsStudent: 5-7 hrs.
Parent: 2-3.5 hrs.
3rd Sweep through History200History of the Christian Church14, 15, 16, 17, 189, 10, 11, 12An in-depth study of the spread of the Gospel worldwide from the time of Christ to the present. Geography assignments span the entire world.Church history and doctrineStudent: 5-7 hrs.
Parent: 1-2.5 hrs.
30020th Century World History15, 16, 17, 1810, 11, 12A history of major events throughout the world during the 20th Century. The literature program focuses on works that helped establish the Western culture's view of reality. Geography assignments span the entire world.ApologeticsStudent: 6-8 hrs.
Parent: 1-2.5 hrs.
400American Government16, 17, 1811, 12A thorough study of the U.S. government with emphasis on the Constitution and its historical interpretation, plus a close look at the three branches of government. Geography assignments focus on the United States.Interaction of faith and politicsStudent: 6-8 hrs.
Parent: 2-3 hrs.
 Economics16, 17, 1811, 12Modern economics, from basic theory to politics and trade. Student: 6-8 hrs.
Parent: 2-3 hrs.
500World History and Worldview Studies17, 1811, 12A college-prep study of World History through the lens of the ideas and philosophies that shaped history. The Bible portion helps students discern and solidify their Christian worldview.Developing a Christian worldviewStudent: 6-8 hrs.
Parent: 2-3 hrs.

 

Sonlight Language Arts

ProgramUse withFocusSubjects Covered
Language Arts P4/5Core P4/5A gentle introduction to the alphabet, rhymes and the "first thousand words." Included in the Core.Phonics and vocabulary.
Mix and Match Grade K through 4-5 Readers and Language Arts for Cores A-C.
Grade K Readers w/ Language Arts KGrade K ReadersTeach your children the alphabet and letter sounds. Serve as their scribe as they begin to practice creative writing. Imitate good writing during weekly copywork exercises.Phonics, spelling, vocabulary, creative expression, copywork and writing mechanics.
Grade 1 Readers w/ Language Arts 1Grade 1 ReadersRead more advanced short words. Serve as your children's scribe as they write their first short stories. Imitate good writing during weekly copywork exercises.Phonics, spelling, vocabulary, copywork, creative expression and writing mechanics.
Grade 2 Readers w/ Language Arts 2Grade 2 ReadersHelp your children learn to form and organize their thoughts. You might still serve as their scribe as they construct basic sentences and simple paragraphs. Imitate good writing during weekly copywork exercises.Spelling, writing mechanics, copywork and creative expression.
Grade 3 Readers w/ Language Arts 3Grade 3 ReadersUse the unique "Diamond Notes" to guide your children step-by-step through the process of writing winning paragraphs. Imitate good writing during weekly copywork exercises.Spelling, writing mechanics, paragraph construction, copywork and creative expression.
Grade 4-5 Readers w/ Language Arts 4-5Grade 4-5 ReadersWrite sentences and short paragraphs relatively independently. Imitate good writing during weekly copywork exercises.Spelling, writing mechanics, copywork, paragraph construction and creative expression.
Language Arts is built into Cores D-400. You cannot purchase it separately.
Language ArtsCore DExplore various writing styles while learning about mechanics such as similes, metaphors and hyperbole. Imitate good writing during weekly dictation excercises.Spelling, vocabulary, dictation, writing mechanics and creative expression.
Language Arts D+ECore D+EExplore various writing styles and practice advanced writing techniques such as varying sentence length, using active voice, and creating authentic dialog. Recognize and imitate good writing during weekly dictation exercises.Spelling, grammar, dictation, vocabulary, writing mechanics and creative expression.
Language Arts ECore EExplore various writing styles and take on advanced writing mechanics and techniques. Recognize and imitate good writing during weekly dictation exercises.Spelling, grammar, dictation, writing mechanics, research writing and creative expression.
Language Arts FCore FLet creativity blossom through more challenging writing assignments in a variety of writing styles. Imitate good writing during weekly dictation exercises.Spelling, grammar, dictation, vocabulary, writing mechanics, research writing, creative expression and literary analysis.
Language Arts GCore GTackle advanced writing assignments and explore basic literary analysis. Imitate good writing with weekly dictation.Spelling, vocabulary, dictation, advanced writing mechanics, creative expression, literary analysis and editing..
Language Arts HCore HIncrease mastery of the written word through excercises fully integrated with Core H History & Literature studies.Creative writing, essay composition, research and literary analysis.
Language Arts WCore WTackle advanced writing assignments and explore basic literary analysis. Imitate good writing with weekly dictation. (Same basic material as Language Arts G.)Spelling, vocabulary, advanced writing mechanics, creative expression, literary analysis and editing.
Language Arts 140Core 100Develop critical thinking, literary analysis and creative expression skills with exercises fully integrated with Core 100 History & Literature studies.Critical thinking, essay composition, literary analysis and creative writing.
Language Arts 240Core 200Unleash writing potential with exercises fully integrated with Core 200 History & Literature studies.Essay composition, literary analysis, research papers and creative writing.
Language Arts 340Core 300Solidify great writing skills through exercises fully integrated with Core 300 History and Literature studies. Spur students to write with passion and purpose.Creative writing, literary analysis, research writing and essay composition.
Language Arts 440Core 400Prepare students for college-level writing through assignments that coordinate with the Core 400 History and Literature studies.Creative writing, literary analysis, essay composition and research papers.
Language Arts 640British Literature 630Tackle college-level assignments; fully integrated with Literature.Creative writing, literary analysis and vocabulary with Latin and Greek roots.
British Literature 630Language Arts 540Prepare for the AP* English Literature exam with a yearlong survey of British Literature.Key works of British Literature.

 

Sonlight Science

 NameAgeFocus
ABiology, Botany, and Physics5, 6, 7Animals, plants and the way things move. Experiments and hands-on activities.
BAnimals, Astronomy, and Physics6, 7, 8Animals, outer space and the way things move. Experiments and hands-on activities.
CGeology, Meteorology, and Mechanical Technology7, 8, 9Weather, geology and basic machines. Experiments and hands-on activities.
DBiology, Taxonomy, and Human Anatomy8, 9, 10, 11The human body, categorizing plants and animals. Experiments and hands-on activities.
EElectricity, Magnetism, and Astronomy9, 10, 11, 12Electricity, magnetism and outer space. Experiments and hands-on activities.
FHealth, Medicine, and Human Anatomy10, 11, 12, 13The human body: anatomy, health and medicine. Experiments and hands-on activities.
GGeology, Physics, and Origins11, 12, 13Earth science: geology, physics and the science of origins. Experiments and hands-on activities.
HGeneral Science12, 13, 14A course from Apologia Educational Ministries: learn to think scientifically. Includes experiments and a unique Sonlight schedule.
150Physical Science12, 13, 14, 15, 16A course from Apologia Educational Ministries: earth science and basic physics. Includes experiments and a unique Sonlight schedule.
250Biology14, 15, 16, 17, 18A high-school level lab science course from Apologia Educational Ministries. Includes experiments and a unique Sonlight schedule.
350Chemistry15, 16, 17, 18A high-school level lab science course from Apologia Educational Ministries. Includes experiments and a unique Sonlight schedule.
450Physics16, 17, 18A high-school level course from Apologia Educational Ministries. Includes experiments and a unique Sonlight schedule.
550Advanced Science17, 18Choose from three advanced lab courses from Apologia Educational Ministries preparing students for the AP* Biology, Chemistry or Physics test. Each course includes experiments and a unique Sonlight schedule.

*Advanced Placement, Advanced Placement Program and AP are registered trademarks of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

 

Math

Teaching TextbooksTopics
Math 3Addition & subtraction, Lines & line segments, fractions, multiplication, division, paper money & coinage, liquid measurement, and much more
Math 4Addition & subtraction, word problems, linear measurement, telling time, multiplication of large numbers, long division, geometry, paper money & coinage, temperature, metric system, Roman numerals
Math 5Number patterns, addition & subtraction of large numbers, multiplication with carrying, geometry, fractions, decimals, regrouping, long division, percents, metric units
Math 6Long addition & subtraction, multiplication and division, improper fractions, factors, multiplying & dividing fractions, decimals, percents, geometry, graphing
Math 7Adding & subtracting whole numbers, Multiplying & dividing whole numbers, adding & subtracting and multiplying & dividing fractions, decimals, percents, geometric measurement, statistics & probability, graphing
Pre-AlgebraRational numbers, decimals, percents, measuring length, area and volume, simple algebraic equations, integers, powers, polynomials and radicals, geometry, statistics
Algebra 1Algebra basics, integers, order of operations, equation solving, rational expressions, powers and exponents, quadratic equations, polynomials and radicals, graphing functions and slope, inequalities and radicals
Algebra 2Solving first-degree equations, fractional equations, powers and exponents, roots and irrational numbers, imaginary and complex numbers, solving higher-degree equations, systems of equations, inequalities, statistics and probability
GeometryLines and angles, angle pairs & perpendicular lines, triangles, inequalities, quadrilaterals and polygons, trigonometry, circles, solid geometry, coordinate geometry
Pre-CalculusFunction basics, polynomial functions, rational functions, trigonometric functions and identities, vectors and polar coordinates, analytic geometry, probability and statistics, introduction to calculus


HorizonsTopics
Math KCounting by 1s/5s/10s/2s/4s to 100, value of all single-digit numbers, place value for 1's and 10's, ordinal numbers, simple addition & subtraction, simple fractions, days of week, months of year, seasons, color recognition, shape recognition, pictographs
Math 1Counting by 1s/2s/5s/10s/3s/6s/9s/4s/8s/7s to 100, ordinal numbers, place value, addition & subtraction facts 1-18, months of year, days of week, time, money, measurement, fractions, shapes, bar graphs, rounding
Math 2Counting by 1s/2s/5s/10s/3s/6s/9s/4s/8s/7s to 100, ordinal numbers, place value, carrying and borrowing, months of year, days of week and abbreviations, money, measurement, temperature, fractions, shapes, area, perimeter and volume, graphs, multiplication facts 0-10
Math 3Word numbers to 1,000,000, expanded and standard form, Roman numerals, ordinal numbers, place value, addition with carrying to 4 digits, borrowing, estimation, English linear, liquid, weight, Metric equivalents, decimals, fractions, shapes - congruent and similar, perimeter and area, volume of cubes and rectangular prisms, bar, line and circle graphs, multiplication facts 1-10, division facts 1-10
Math 4Roman numerals, prime and composite, prime factorization, addition properties and terms, subtraction properties and terms, standard and metric linear, liquid and weight equivalents, fractions to decimals, ratios, reducing fractions, adding and subtracting fractions, shapes and solids, lines, angles, circles, coordinate graphs, multiplication properties and terms, division properties and terms
Math 5Number theory through hundred billion, expanded form, place value to hundred billions, rounding, addition properties, terms and facts, subtraction properties, terms and facts, time and elapsed time, counting change, standard and metric linear, liquid, and weight equivalent, percentages, simple ratios, least common multiples, adding and subtraction fractions with unlike denominators, shapes, solids and diagonals, mean, mode, and median, problem solving, probability with one variable, calculator math, multiplication terms, facts and properties, division terms, facts, and properties
Math 6Word numbers through hundred trillion, scientific notation, base 2 numbers, square roots, opposite integers, adding and subtracting integers, multiplying and dividing integers, adding and subtracting money, adding and subtracting equations, standard and metric linear, liquid, and weight equivalent, simple ratios, ratio as a percent, divide whole number by a fraction, construct perpendicular bisector, bisect an angle, equations for word problems, mean, mode, and median, graphing in all four quadrants, writing checks, budgeting, banking, savings, charts and tables, multiplication missing factors, exponents, division estimating quotients, averaging with remainders


SingaporeTopics
Math 1ACounting 0-20, number stories, addition and subtraction stories, ordinal numbers, common shapes, comparing and measuring length and weight
Math 1BComparing numbers, picture graphs, counting to 100, addition and subtraction to 100, multiplication within 40, division, halves and quarters, telling time, money
Math 2ACounting to 1000, hundreds, tens and ones, addition and subtraction with and without renaming, measurement in metric and English, multiplication tables of 2 and 3, dividing by 2 and 3
Math 2BAddition and subtraction - finding the missing number, methods for mental addition and subtraction, multiplying and dividing by 4, 5 and 10, US currency, halves and quarters, writing fractions, time, picture graphs, US and metric capacity, flat and curved faces, area
Math 3AWord numbers to 1,000,000, expanded and standard form, Roman numerals, ordinal numbers, place value, addition with carrying to 4 digits, borrowing, estimation, English linear, liquid, weight, Metric equivalents, decimals, fractions, shapes - congruent and similar, perimeter and area, volume of cubes and rectangular prisms, bar, line and circle graphs, multiplication facts 1-10, division facts 1-10
Math 3BMental calculation for addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, US and metric linear, capacity, and weight measurements, bar graphs, equivalent fractions, time, angles, area, perimeter
Math 4ANumbers to 100,000, factors, multiplication and division of whole numbers, adding and subtracting fractions, tables and graphs, measuring angles, perpendicular and parallel lines, area and perimeter
Math 4BDecimals, operations of decimals, multiplication and division, symmetric figures, solid figures, cubic units, volume of a cuboid
Math 5APlace value, millions, approximation and estimation, multiplying by 10s, 100s or 1000s, dividing by 10s, 100s, or 1000s, word problems, fraction and division, addition and subtraction of unlike fractions, area of a triangle, ratio, finding unknown angles
Math 5BApproximation and estimation of decimals, percent, writing fractions as percentage. Average, rate, line graphs, triangles, 4-sided figures, tessellations, cubes and cuboids, volume of a solid
Math 6AAlgebraic expressions, solid figures, ratio and fraction, ratio and proportion, part of a whole as percentage, solving percentage problems, speed and average speed
Math 6BDivision of fractions, word problems, circles, circumference, area, pie charts, solving volume problems, triangles and 4-sided figures, finding unknown angles, challenging word problems with fractions, ratio, percentage and speed


SaxonTopics
Math KCount by 1's, 5's, and 10's to 100; compare and order numbers to 20; ordinals to fourth; simple fractions; money; shape recognition; compare length, weight, and size of shapes; days of the week, month, date, and year; time to the hour
Math 1Count by 1's, 2's, 5's, and 10's; compare and order numbers; ordinal position to tenth; sorting rule; patterns; solve routine and nonroutine problems; basic addition facts and basic subtraction facts; add two-digit numbers; picture and name fractions; measure using inches, feet, and centimeters; compare volume, mass, and area; time to the half hour; count pennies, nickels, dimes, and quarters; polygons; geometric solids; tally; real graphs, pictographs, and bar graphs
Math 2Count by 1's, 2's, 3's, 4's, 5's, 10's, 25's, and 100's; compare and order numbers; identify ordinal position to tenth; identify sorting and patterning rules; solve routine and nonroutine problems; master all basic addition and subtraction facts; master multiplication facts to 5; add and subtract two-digit numbers; picture and name fractions; measure to the nearest centimeter, foot, and half inch; measure perimeter and area; tell time to 5 minutes; count pennies, nickels, dimes, and quarters; identify geometric solids; identify lines of symmetry; identify angles; tally; Venn diagrams, and line graphs
Math 3Place value; ordinal position to twentieth; all basic addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division facts; add and subtract multidigit numbers; multiply a multidigit number by a single-digit number; divide by single-digit divisors; add positive and negative numbers; add and subtract fractions with common denominators; compare and measure mass, perimeter and area; tell time to the minute; determine elapsed time; make change for a dollar; identify angles, lines of symmetry, function rules; graph ordered pairs on a coordinate graph
Math 5/4Addition and subtraction properties and terms; mental math strategies; multiplication and division properties and terms; powers and beginning square roots; fractions to decimals and percents; estimation; measurement inU.S. customary, metric, and conversion; temperature; basic terms of geometry; basic algebraic patterns and sequences; beginning probability
Math 6/5Whole-number concepts and computation; mental math; patterns and functions; measurement; statistics and probability; fractions; mixed numbers; decimals; geometry; percents; negative numbers (and concepts in Math 5/4)
Math 7/6Simplify expressions containing parentheses; add, subtract, multiply, and divide signed numbers; exponents; square roots; geometric formulas; ratios; percents; fractions; mixed numbers; decimals (and topics in Math 6/5)
Math 8/7Measurement; estimation; real-world connections; word-problems; rate; powers and roots; geometric proofs; scientific notation; graphing functions; quantitative comparisons; balancing equations; transformation of formulas; literal equations; algebraic terms; irrational numbers; factoring algebraic expressions; substitution; graphing linear equations and inequalities; geometric construction; scale factor and indirect measure; similar and congruent figures; data collection, display, and analysis; probability and statistics
Algebra 1/2Fractions, decimals, mixed numbers, signed numbers and their arithmetic operations; translating from words to algebraic expressions; order of operations; percents; proportions; ratios; divisibility; rounding; place value; unit conversions; scientific notation; data representation; evaluation of algebraic expressions; simplification of algebraic expressions; linear equations with one unknown; word problems involving pre-algebraic concepts; perimeter; area; surface area; volume; classification of geometric figures and solids; geometric constructions; symmetry
Algebra 1Arithmetic and evaluation of expressions involving signed numbers, exponents, and roots; properties of real numbers; absolute value; equations and inequalities involving absolute value; scientific notation; unit conversions; simultaneous equations; algebra of polynomials and rational expressions; word problems requiring algebra for the solution; graphical solution of simultaneous equations; graphs of functions: linear, quadratic, cubic, square root, absolute value, etc.; translations and reflections of graphs; factoring; Pythagorean theorem; algebraic proofs; functional notation and functions; quadratic equations; direct and inverse variation; exponential growth; perimeter and area of two-dimensional regions; surface area and volume of geometric solids; statistics; probability
Algebra 2Graphical solution of simultaneous equations; scientific notation; radicals; roots of quadratic equations including complex roots; properties of real numbers; factoring; inequalities and systems of inequalities; logarithms and antilogarithms; conic sections; exponential equations; basic trigonometric functions; algebra of polynomials; vectors in polar and rectangular form; algebraic word problems
Advanced MathPermutations and combinations; trigonometric identities; inverse trigonometric functions; conic sections; graphs of sinusoids; rectangular and polar representation of complex numbers; De Moivre's theorem; matrices and determinants; the binomial theorem; the rational roots theorem
CalculusReal numbers; algebra; geometry; logic; trigonometry; graphing calculator; basics of functions; functions, graphs, and limits; derivatives; integrals; polynomial approximations and series
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